PENGARUH PENAMPILAN GIGI ANTERIOR BERDASARKAN AESTHETIC COMPONENT DARI IOTN TERHADAP PSIKOSOSIAL REMAJA PADA SISWA SMAN 10 PADANG
Dentofacial esthetics plays an important role in social interaction and psychosocial well-being because it affects how people perceive themselves and how they are perceived in society. Dentofacial deviation, such a malocclusion has negatively affect the psychosocial well-being especially in adolescents period, when some aspects of the facial appearance and dental esthetics have great important for adolescent’s self-image and self-esteem. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of the anterior teeth appearance on the adolescents psychosocial in SMAN 10 Padang using Aesthetic Component of the IOTN. The subjects of cross-sectional study were 89 students in SMAN 10 Padang using the simple random sampling. Anterior teeth appearance were assessed by interviewer using the Aesthetic Component of the IOTN. Psychosocial impact was measured through a self-rated Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ). Data analysis included Spearman correlation test. Significant associations were observed between anterior teeth appearance using Aesthetic Component of IOTN and total score PIDAQ (p < 0,001), dental self-confidence (p < 0,001), social impact (p < 0,05), psychological impact (p < 0,05), and esthetic concern (p < 0,05). Anterior teeth appearance has a psychological impact in adolescents using Aesthetic Component of the IOTN. Therefore, it seemed necessary to improve dental esthetic on adolescents for prevent the disturbance on their psychosocial development.