Andalas Dental Journal 2024-01-03T02:49:45-05:00 Dr. drg. Febrian, MKM Open Journal Systems <p><img src="/public/site/images/redaksi/Cover_Jurnal_2_001_-_Copy.png"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Potensi Chitosan Sebagai Bahan Irigasi Dalam Pembersihan Smear Layer Saluran Akar 2024-01-01T20:22:07-05:00 Rina Permatasari Erisa Ekiyo <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Smear layer is formed after root canal preparation. Removing the smear layer is an important aspect because it can affect the adaptation of sealer so it can increase the leakage of the root canal filling. Chitosan is a natural biopolymer produced by the deacetylation of chitin which has a chelation effect. </em><strong><em>Purpose:</em></strong><em> To explain the potential of chitosan as an irrigant on smear layer removal in root canal. <strong>Method:</strong> Based on sources obtained from journals, textbooks, and websites accessed through the Google Scholar database. The types of references taken are in the form of research reports, literature studies, published from 2014–2021. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Chitosan has the potential as root canal irrigant for smear layer removal even in low concentrations with minimal side effects. However, there are differences of opinion regarding the region of smear layer removal.</em></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pengaruh Pasta Gigi Ekstrak Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) dan Pasta Gigi Whitening Terhadap Diskolorasi Akibat Minuman Kopi Robusta 2024-01-01T20:22:08-05:00 Gita Dwi Jiwanda Sovira Dedi Sumantri Fira Nurlaila Auliana <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>: Tooth discoloration is a change in the colour of the teeth that can damage aesthetics and can affect a person’s confidence. Coffee is one of the factors causing extrinsic discoloration. The content of caffeine and tannins in coffee can affect the colour to be more yellow. One of toothpastes that can be used to remove stain is whitening toothpaste. The abrasive power contained in whitening toothpaste affects decrease in thickness of enamel surface. Natural ingredients are needed as an alternative, such as strawberries. Strawberries contain elegatic acid and malic acid which can whiten teeth. <strong>Objective</strong>: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of strawberry extract toothpaste and whitening toothpaste on discoloration caused by robusta coffee drink. <strong>Method</strong>: This type of research is true experimental laboratory with pre-test and post-test design. 36 samples of post-extraction premolars according to the inclusion criteria were immersed in coffee for 7 days and the initial colour was measured with colorlfex ez spectrophotometer. Samples were divided into 2 groups, group 1: brushing teeth with strawberry extract toothpaste and group 2: brushing teeth with whitening toothpaste for 3 minutes twice a day for 14 days. Final colour measurement with colorlfex ez spectrophotometer. <strong>Results</strong>: Data analysis using paired t-test with the results in strawberry extract toothpaste group and whitening toothpaste group showed a significant difference before and after treatment with p=0. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: There is an effect between strawberry extract toothpaste and whitening toothpaste in brightening teeth that are discolorated due to robusta coffee drink.</em></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Unit Cost Perawatan Gigi di Klinik Fanisa Kota Pariaman dengan Metode Activity Based Costing 2024-01-01T20:22:09-05:00 Hidayati Hidayati Febrian Febrian Lendrawati Lendrawati Kosno Suprianto <p><em>Objective: To find out unit cost of dental health service in Pariaman City Fanisa Clinic using the Activity Based Costing method in era of national health insurance.&nbsp; Method : This research was a quantitative descriptive study that used was Activity Based Costing (ABC) used mathematical calculations. Results : The results of this study indicated there was 8 dental health service in Fanisa Clinic in Pariaman City in 2018 and the unit cost for each service was consultation Rp.55.945, permanent tooth extraction Rp.127.825, extraction of deciduous teeth Rp.79.311, composit resin patching Rp.156.384, GIC patching Rp.145.843, scalling Rp.131.358, premedication Rp.61.291 and pulp capping Rp.107.729. Conclusion: The highest unit cost for dental health services at the Fanisa Clinic in Pariaman City was composite resin patching service and the lowest was consulting services. The average unit cost of dental health services at the Fanisa Clinic in Pariaman City was&nbsp; Rp.108.211. The biggest cost in the production unit was the cost of employee salar</em><em>y.</em></p> 2023-12-30T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Stunting dan Malnutrisi Penyebab Kelainan Email Gigi Anak dan Early Childhood Caries (ECC): Komprehensif Review 2024-01-01T20:22:09-05:00 Lisa Prihastari Djuned Prasonto Bimo Rintoko Hesti Witasari Jos Erry <p><strong><em>Backg</em></strong><em>r<strong>ound: </strong>Childhood dental health is a vital component of overall well-being, with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) and defect enamel being major concerns. This article explores the intricate connection between stunting, malnutrition, and the development of defect enamel and ECC in children. <strong>Methods: </strong>Narrative review use Pubmed and Google Scholar databases with article inclusion criteria, namely research articles and reviews that discuss the relationship between enamel defects and malnutrition and ECC with malnutrition <strong>Results</strong>: Childhood malnutrition, characterized by inadequate intake of essential nutrients, poses a significant global health challenge. Stunting, a manifestation of chronic malnutrition, adversely affects physical growth and cognitive development in children. However, the link between malnutrition and dental health has not received adequate attention. This article examines the mechanisms through which malnutrition, specifically stunting, can contribute to the development of defective enamel in children. Nutritional deficiencies, particularly in calcium, vitamin D, and fluoride, are identified as key culprits in compromising enamel formation and strength. Weakening of the enamel leaves teeth vulnerable to dental caries, including ECC, which can lead to pain and long-term oral health problems. The complex relationship between malnutrition, stunting, defect enamel, and ECC calls for multifaceted solutions. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>This article highlights the importance of holistic public health initiatives, which encompass nutritional education for caregivers and improved access to dental care services for at-risk children. Interdisciplinary collaboration among healthcare professionals is emphasized to address the synergistic nature of these interconnected health challenges.</em></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Potensi Kader Posyandu sebagai Tenaga Skrining Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Tidak Terawat 2024-01-01T20:23:54-05:00 Arymbi Pujiastuty <p><strong><em>Backg</em></strong><em>r<strong>ound: </strong></em>Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a significant health problem. Untreated ECC can have substantial impacts on individuals and communities, causing pain, disrupting functions, hindering the child's growth process, affecting the child's weight, and influencing the child's developmental progress, ultimately reducing the quality of life for the child. Preventive efforts for untreated ECC include activities such as ECC screening, allowing for prompt intervention in cases of untreated ECC. Non-dental health personnel, such as community health workers, are alternative resources that can be empowered to participate in screening for untreated ECC using pufa Index<em>. <strong>Purpose: </strong></em>to analyze the level of validity and reliability of community health workers in conducting screening for untreated ECC using the pufa index<em>. <strong>Methods: </strong></em>The research design involves diagnostic testing with a cross-sectional approach, and samples are taken from children in community health posts using simple random sampling. The study is conducted in the working area of the Sijunjung Health Center, Sijunjung District, West Sumatra<em>. <strong>Results</strong>: </em>The reliability of cumulative PUFA examinations by Community health workers with a Kappa value of 0.88 is considered a very strong level of agreement. The sensitivity and specificity values of cumulative PUFA are 96% and 94%, respectively, which indicate excellent diagnostic values. This means that Community health workers demonstrate a very strong level of agreement and excellent accuracy in diagnosing untreated ECC using the PUFA index in young children. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Community health workers have great potential to be empowered as personnel for screening untreated ECC using pufa index.</p> 2023-12-30T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pengetahuan dan Keinginan Pasien pada Sarana Pelayanan Kesehatan Gigi di Kecamatan Padang Utara Melakukan Vaksinasi COVID-19 2024-01-02T00:53:24-05:00 Safira Aziza Susi Susi Harfindo Nismal <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Vaccination is an action to raise immunity actively by injecting an antigen substance to trigger the formation of antibodies to be immune from the disease or only experience mild symptoms. According to data from the Padang City Health Office, the North Padang sub-district is included in 5 sub-districts with low vaccination coverage</em><em>. </em><strong><em>Objective:</em></strong> <em>This study aims to determine the relationship between knowledge and the intention of dental clinic patients to carry out COVID-19 vaccination in the sub-district area of Padang Utara</em><em>.</em> <strong><em>Methods: </em></strong><em>This research is an analytical study using a Cross</em><em>-</em><em>Sectional design study approach with chii-square test. The sample in this study was 107 respondents using purposive sampling techniqueobtained from research questionnaires filled out by respondents. Data analysis using univariate and bivariate analysis processed by using SPSS.<strong>Results: </strong></em><em>58.9% of respondents have good knowledge about vaccinating, and 66.4% are willing to vaccinate. 23.8% of respondents who had good knowledge but had a low intention to carry out COVID-19 vaccination, and as many 76.2% of respondents who had good knowledge with a high intention to carry out COVID-19 vaccination and obtained significant results with a p-value = 0.005 (&lt;0.05</em><em>).</em><em>.</em><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>There is a correlation between dental clinic patients’ knowledge of dental health service facilities in the sub-district area of Padang Utara with the intent to conduct COVID-19.</em></p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Xerostomia dan Penurunan Fungsi Rongga Mulut Pasien Lansia di RSGM Universitas Andalas 2024-01-03T02:49:45-05:00 Gunawan Gunawan Ivony Fitria Desy Purnama Sari <p><em>The number of elderly is predicted to continue to increase globally, including in Indonesia. According to data from the Central Statistical Authority, there has been an increase of 7 per cent in the percentage of elderly persons over more than a decade (2010-2021) to 10.82 per cent. The elderly age group is a highly susceptible group to a decrease in oral function caused by aging factors. Decreased oral function has a wide range of negative effects on the physical and psychological life of the elderly. Disorders perceived as a result of this condition will affect the nutritional intake of the elderly and also lead to a decrease in self-confidence, thus having a major impact on the quality of life of older people. The purpose of this study is to analyze the occurrence of xerostomy due to decreased function of the oral cavity of the elderly in UNAND RSGM. The research uses cross-sectional design, using total sampling techniques. A total of 30 elderly patients at UNAND's RSGM are expected to contribute to the study. Measurement of the state of decreased oral function is carried out with clinical examination, and subjective, then conducted interviews with questionnaires that have been tested validity and rehabilitation, in order to find out the determinant factors of decrease of oral function of elderly patients in UNAND RSGM. This research is in line with the UNAND Research Master Plan and Roadmap on the sub-theme of health and the results of this research will be able to be used as consideration of path determination of patient care plan and as educational material on the development of improvement of quality of life and health of the elderly. The results of the study showed a rate of xerostomy of 31.4%, a condition of hyposalivation of 14.3%, and there was no influence on the occurrence of xerostomy and hyposalyvation on the sociodemographic characteristics of elderly patients in the RSGM of the University of Andalas (p&gt;0,05). </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: </em><em>aging, decreased function, oral cavity, xerostomia</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##