Andalas Dental Journal http://adj.fkg.unand.ac.id/index.php/ADJ <p><img src="/public/site/images/redaksi/Cover_Jurnal_2_001_-_Copy.png"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Andalas en-US Andalas Dental Journal 2338-4891 Pengaruh Konsentrasi Larutan Natrium Hipoklorit terhadap Stabilitas Dimensi Cetakan Alginat http://adj.fkg.unand.ac.id/index.php/ADJ/article/view/219 <p><em>Alginate is one of the transmission media of cross infection, therefore disinfection is necessary before proceeding to the next step. One of the ways to disinfection alginate is by spraying sodium hypochlorite. The concentration of sodium hypochlorite solution that can be used as a disinfection solution according to the ADA are 0.5%, 1%, 2%, 5%, and 5.25%. The disinfection on alginate should not change dimensions. ADA states that impression materials should not change more that 0,5% from its original size. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of sodium hypochlorite concentration on changes in alginate dimensions. The method of this study was an experimental laboratory with post test only control group design with 24 samples. The alginate was sprayed with aquadest solution as a control, sodium hypochlorite solution with concentrations of 0.5%, 1%, 2%, 5%, 5.25% then filled with gypsum. The dimensional stability was measured using a digital caliper. Data were analyzed by One Way Anova and then followed by Post Hoc LSD Test. The result of this study showed that the largest change in dimensional stability occurred in 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution, while the smallest was in the 5.25%. One Way Anova test showed that there was a significant difference (p&lt;0.05) between spraying with 0.5%, 1%, 2%, 5%, 5.25% sodium hypochlorite solution. The conclusion of this study was there is an effect of the concentration of sodium hypochlorite solution on the dimensional stability of the alginate impression.</em></p> Resty Pratama Nurliyani Fildzah Nurul Fajrin Aria Fransiska ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 2 54 59 10.25077/adj.v10i2.219 Hubungan Keparahan Karies dengan Kualitas Hidup Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Lubuk Buaya Kota Padang http://adj.fkg.unand.ac.id/index.php/ADJ/article/view/224 <p>Background: Dental caries can cause health problem among pregnant women including pain, eating and sleeping disturbances. It’s impact to the physical, social and mental health and also affected their disruption of the quality of life. Objectives: This study aims to determine the relationship between the severity of dental caries and the quality of life among pregnant women at the Lubuk Buaya Public Health Center. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that involving 74 pregnant women. The quality of life was measured by the OHIP-14 questionnaire with seven assessment aspects. Quality of life categories is good (score ≤ 27) and poor (score &gt;27). PUFA index was used to assess caries severity. PUFA categories is negative (PUFA = 0) and positive (PUFA ≥1). Data were analyzed by chi-square test. Results: This study show that almost respondents (55.4% of pregnant women) have PUFA (+), with mean 0.82 ± 0.86 SD. Most pregnant women have poor quality of life (51.4%). Some chief complaints discovered due to the severity of caries like disruption of tasting food 10.8%, discomfort during chewing the food 48.7%, feeling tension 10.5%, stopping while eating 56.8%, feeling not relaxed 17.6%, daily activities disturbance 8.1% and less happy 9.5%. Pregnant women with PUFA (-) had more good quality of life, while pregnant women with PUFA (+) had more poor quality of life (p &lt; 0.05). Conclusion: Caries severity influence quality of life. This suggests the need for strategies to prevent and manage caries in pregnant woman.</p> Lutfia Khairani Zulfaneti Gita Dwi Jiwanda Sovira Susi Susi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 2 60 67 10.25077/adj.v10i2.224 Gambaran Perilaku Orang Tua dalam Menjaga Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut Anak Tunagrahita Tingkat SD – SMP di SLB Negeri 2 Padang http://adj.fkg.unand.ac.id/index.php/ADJ/article/view/221 <p><strong><em>Introduction</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong><em> Children with special needs, especially in groups of mentally retarded has greater risk of poor oral hygiene. Mental retardation is a term to describe individuals with below-average general intellectual functioning. </em><em>M</em><em>ental retardation</em> <em>and lack of coordination in movement in mentally retarded cause them</em> <em>have</em><em>n’t</em><em> skills to clean their teeth and mouth independently so they tend to be guided and cared by their parents.</em> <strong><em>Objective:</em></strong> <em>t</em><em>o</em> <em>describe </em><em>behaviour</em><em> of parents in maintaining the oral health of mentally retarded children at SD – SMP levels in SLB</em><em>N</em><em> 2 Padang.</em> <strong><em>Method</em></strong><strong><em>s</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong> <em>This study was categorical d</em><em>escriptive quantitative with cross sectional design. The number of samples is 40 respondents. Data were collected by </em><em>filling out a</em><em> questionnaire</em> <em>on how to maintain oral and dental health in mentally retarded children.</em> <strong><em>Results:</em></strong> <em>This study s</em><em>howed the level of knowledge of parents as much as 60% in the high category, attitude</em><em>s</em><em> of parents as much as 67% in the good category, and practice</em><em>s</em><em> of parents as much as 47.5% in the moderate category.</em> <strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em> The level of </em><em>behaviour </em><em>of parents in maintaining the dental and oral health of mentally retarded children at the </em><em>SD – SMP</em><em> level </em><em>in</em><em> SLB</em><em>N </em><em>2 Padang is in the good category.</em></p> Aninda Putri Mulyani Sri Ramayanti Wulandani Liza Putri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 2 68 73 10.25077/adj.v10i2.221 Efektivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Biji Alpukat (Persea americana Mill.) terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Streptococcus mutans http://adj.fkg.unand.ac.id/index.php/ADJ/article/view/227 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em> : Streptococcus mutans bacteria are the main microorganisms that play an important role in the etiology of caries. Prevention of dental caries can be done by reducing the formation of plaque on the surface of the teeth, one of which is through the use of antibacterial compounds contained in avocado seed extract. <strong>Purpose</strong> : This study is to determine the antibacterial effectiveness of avocado seed extract in inhibiting the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria. <strong>Methods :</strong> This research method is an experimental laboratory with a post-test control group design. The avocado seed extract is made with a maceration technique with the result of a concentration of avocado seed extract of 100% then diluted using aquadest so that avocado seed extract concentrations of 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25% are obtained. The inhibitory test was done by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion on Mueller Hinton Agar. The inhibition zone formed around the disc is measured using a caliper. The data analysis used was the One Way Anova test and continued with the Post Hoc LSD test. <strong>Results :</strong> The results showed that avocado seed extract at all concentrations can inhibit the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria. The largest inhibitory zone diameter at a concentration of &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;25% with a diameter of 12.25 mm and the diameter of the smallest inhibitory zone at a concentration of 10% at 10.48mm. the results of statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences between the inhibition zones of each avocado seed extract concentration (p&lt;0.05).<strong>Conclusions :</strong> there is an effect of avocado seed extract (Persea americana Mill.) in inhibiting the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria with extract concentrations of 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%.</em></p> Irma Sholekhah Hidayati Hidayati Didin Kustantiningtyastuti ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 2 74 83 10.25077/adj.v10i2.227 Potensi Antibakteri Triphala Sebagai Bahan Irigasi Saluran Akar Terhadap Bakteri Enterococcus faecalis http://adj.fkg.unand.ac.id/index.php/ADJ/article/view/217 <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Root canal treatment aims to maintain the infected tooth so that it can be accepted biologically by the surrounding tissue. One of the important step in root canal treatment is root canal irrigation. Enterococcus faecalis is the most common bacteria found in cases of failure root canal treatment. The ideal root canal irrigation material should have antibacterial properties. Triphala contain several phytochemicals such as citric acid, flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, and quinones which are effective as antibacterial agents. <strong>Purpose:</strong> To explain the antibacterial potential of triphala as a root canal irrigation against Enterococcus faecalis bacteria. <strong>Method:</strong> Based on sources obtained from journals, textbooks, and websites accessed through the Google Scholar database, PubMed, Research Gate, dan NCBI. The types of references taken are in the form of research reports, literature studies, published from 2012–2021. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Triphala has potential as an alternative material to root canal irrigation because it is proven effective in eliminating Enterococcus faecalis bacteria compared to other herbal material. Other studies have proven that triphala is not better than non-herbal materials, although there are several studies that say equal or otherwise.</em></p> Rina Permatasari Desti Suci Wulandari ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 2 84 91 10.25077/adj.v10i2.217 Fixed Prosthodontic Treatment of Patient with Anterior Deep Bite- A case report http://adj.fkg.unand.ac.id/index.php/ADJ/article/view/226 <p style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-indent: 21.0pt; margin: 12.0pt 0cm 12.0pt 0cm;"><em><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'; color: black; background: white;">The condition of oral cavity greatly influences the patient's dental care and treatment. In prosthodontic treatments, the anatomy and arrangement of the teeth is one of the factors that must be considered in order to be able to plan a treatment design. Deep bite with larger overlap of the maxillary and mandibular incisors make the lateral load borne by the teeth become greater. This can cause damage to the tooth and periodontal tissues, as well as failure of the denture. This article reports on the treatment of edentulous of the tooth 21 with deep bite with convetional brigde PFM. Clinical examination showed that there was an overlap between the upper central incisors and the lower incisors by 5 mm and there was a toothwear defect in the form of attrition on teeth 31 and 41. The patient was planned to have a 3 unit conventional bridge made with porcelain fused to metal with a metal backing design to reduce the thickness of the preparation in palatal area and minimize contact with opposing teeth. At the insertion, the patient's occlusion is checked and evaluated so that there are no premature contacts and occlusal interference during centric and eccentric movements. The patient is satisfied with the results of the treatment. Treatment with fixed partial denture in deepbite must be well designed and planned to achieve successful treatment.&nbsp;</span></em></p> Ivony Fitria Gunawan Gunawan Qorrie Furqan Al Annuri Ayesa Rifani ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 2 92 97 10.25077/adj.v10i2.226 Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut terhadap Perilaku Orangtua dalam Memelihara Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut Anak http://adj.fkg.unand.ac.id/index.php/ADJ/article/view/225 <p><strong>Background</strong>: The high prevalence of dental caries in preschool children is caused by various factors, including: knowledge, attitudes and behavior of parents. Preschoolers (93%) were included in severe early caries (dmf-t 8.43). Objective: To determine the effect of dental health education on parents' attitudes and behavior in maintaining the dental health of Joyosuran Kindergarten children.<strong> Method</strong>: Quasi-experimental research with one group pre-post test method. The sample is 38 people with total sampling method. The variables observed were changes in knowledge, attitudes and actions of parents before and after counseling. The data were tested with the Wilcoxon and Sommer d'gamma tests. <strong>Results</strong>: The results of the Wilcoxon test showed that there was a significant difference (p=0.000) between knowledge, attitudes and pre- and posttest actions with better post-test scores, while the Sommer d'gamma test results stated that there was no significant relationship between knowledge and attitudes (p sommer= p gamma=0.491), as well as knowledge and action (p sommer=p gamma = 0.686) (pre-test) of parents in maintaining children's oral and dental health.<strong> Conclusion</strong>: There are significant differences between the knowledge, attitudes and actions of pre- and post-intervention parents of Aisyiyah Joyosuran Kindergarten students.</p> Alfiyah Pujiyati Risya Cilmiaty Widia Susanti Betty Saptiwi Adi Priyatno ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 2 98 105 10.25077/adj.v10i2.225