Andalas Dental Journal <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-ta tw-text-small" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Terjemahan" data-fulltext=""><span tabindex="0" lang="id">&nbsp;</span></pre> <p>&nbsp;</p> Faculty of dentistry Andalas University en-US Andalas Dental Journal 2338-4891 HUBUNGAN PEMELIHARAAN KESEHATAN GIGI DENGAN STATUS KARIES GIGI SISWA KELAS 1 SMP 1 MUHAMMADIYAH KECAMATAN PADANG TIMUR KOTA PADANG <p>Karies gigi merupakan penyakit infeksi yang disebabkan oleh demineralisasi email dan dentin yang berkaitan dengan konsumsi makanan kariogenik. Karies terjadi karena adanya interaksi antara host, agen, substrat dan waktu. Perilaku pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi merupakan salah satu faktor predisposisi terjadinya karies. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dengan status karies gigi pada siswa kelas 1 Sekolah Menengah Pertama.Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan Cross Sectional Study. Sampel penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas 1 SMP 1 Muhammadiyah Kecamatan Padang Timur Kota Padang sebanyak 120 orang, menggunakan metode Total Sampling. Pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dilakukan dengan pengisian kuisioner oleh responden penelitian dan status karies gigi diperiksa dengan menggunakan indeks DMF-T. Analisa statistik dilakukan dengan uji Chi-Square. Sebanyak 54,2% siswa memiliki pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi kategori baik dan 55,8% siswa memiliki status karies gigi kategori rendah. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dengan status karies gigi, nilai p= 0,00 (p&lt; 0,05). Terdapat hubungan antara pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dengan status karies gigi. Pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi siswa kelas 1 SMP 1 Muhammadiyah Kota Padang baik dan status karies gigi rendah.</p> Lendrawati Lendrawati Dio Ervan Detty Iryani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-03-18 2015-03-18 3 1 1 9 PERBANDINGAN KUNJUNGAN PASIEN PER KASUS DI PELAYANAN KESEHATAN GIGI LANJUTAN PADA RUMAH SAKIT DI KOTA PADANG DITINJAU DARI PEMANFAATAN SISTEM JAMINAN KESEHATAN NASIONAL (JKN) <p>Implementation of the National Health Insurance (JKN) in Padang’s Hospital has started since 1 January 2014. In practice JKN implement tiered referral system of first-level health facilities to advanced-level health facilities to meet the needs of the patient. This study aimed to compare the level of patient visits before and after JKN and to determine the causes of the referral hospital, especially in Yos Sudarso Padang Hospital and dr. Rasidin Regional Public Hospital Padang.This research is a qualitative descriptive study. Data collection was done by taking the primary data from hospitals and depth interviews with dentists and patients at first-level health facilities and advanced. Data processing is done by reducing the data, presentation of data, drawing conclusions, and analysis of data.The results showed that the level of patient visits Yos Sudarso Padang Hospital increased while at the dr. Rasidin Regional Public Hospital Padang decreased. Level visits patients in Yos Sudarso Padang Hospital increased due to the lack of expertise and infrastructure at the first level of health care. While at dr. Rasidin Regional Public Hospital Padang level of patient visits decreased due to distant location of the hospital and the lack of transportation to the hospital.JKN implementation has been running quite optimal, but still there are patients who complain of difficulty in obtaining health services, especially in the first-level health facilities.</p> Diva Indah Pratiwi Rima Semiarty Aria Fransiska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-03-18 2015-03-18 3 1 10 16 EFEKTIVITAS BERKUMUR DENGAN LARUTAN INFUSUM KISMIS (VITIS VINIFERA L) TERHADAP PENURUNAN INDEKS PLAK GIGI <p>Plaque is the main factor in progress periodontal disease and dental caries. Plaque control is elimination and inhibit of dental plaque accumulation at tooth surface. Plaque control can be done mechanically and chemically. In this study, used a solution of raisin infusion (Vitis vinifera L) as a mouthwash, because there are various phytochemical capable of inhibiting plaque formation. The aim of this study was to know the effect of raisin infusion solution on decrease dental plaque index. This study is an experimental study with pretest and posttest control group design. The sample of this study was 56 students were divided randomly into four groups, which is one control group and three test groups. The test groups was given 20%, 40% and 60% of raisin infusion solution. Dental plaque score was measured with PHP Plaque Index. Statistical analisys was performed according to Anova one way with p&lt;0,05. The result of this study is significant differences of dental plaque index of control group when compared to the test group with 40% solution of raisin infusion (p=0,004) and when compared to the test group with 60% solution of raisin infusion (p=0,000). Rinsing with the 40% and 60% solution of raisin infusion can reduction of dental plaque index.</p> Elyasina Elyasina Rizanda Machmud Murniwati Murniwati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-03-18 2015-03-18 3 1 17 24 PERBANDINGAN UJI RESISTENSI BAKTERI STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS TERHADAP OBAT ANTIBIOTIK AMPISILIN DAN TETRASIKLIN <p>Staphylococcus aureus is one of the normal flora in the oral cavity, but these bacteria can change to be pathogen if there are predisposing factors such as changes in quantities of bacteria and decreasing of the immune response of the body. One of the ways to prevent is to inhibit the activity of these bacteria using antibiotics. Ampicillin and tetracycline are the broad-spectrum antibiotics that can inhibit the growth of positive and negative gram bacteria. This research was a laboratory experimental with Kirby-Bauer method and using CLSI standard. Total sample are 16 discs of ampicillin and 16 discs of tetracycline then placed on MHA media contain Staphylococcus aureus to see the inhibition power. The result showed that the averages of inhibition zone of ampicillin is 36,64 mm while tetracycline is 25,58 mm. Independent sample t- test showed that p&lt;0,01 which means there is a significantly difference between ampicillin and tetracycline. Ampicillin and tetracycline can inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus with sensitive categories. Ampicillin is more sensitive and effective than tetracycline to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus</p> Finnie Luthfia Suheri Zulkarnain Agus Ivony Fitria ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-03-18 2015-03-18 3 1 25 33 PENGARUH LAMA PENYINARAN TERHADAP STABILITAS WARNA RESIN KOMPOSIT NANOFILLER PADA PERENDAMAN LARUTAN TEH <p><em>Nanofiller has been used these years because it has smooth particles which will give good effect in esthetic. Failure or success of restoration depends on shade stability. The stability depends on adequate polymerization. Curing process is an important aspect to initiate polymerization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences of the shade between nanofiller composite resin irradiation with different curing time and also the effect of different curing time on shade of nanofiller resin composite immersed in tea solution. This research used 60 disks with 6 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness composite for 6 kind of acts. Group are cured for 20, 30, and 40 seconds that soaked</em> <em>i</em><em>n artificial saliva for 24 hours at 37oC and also in tea solution for 72 hours. The gradation of the shade were measured</em> <em>with spectrophotometry. The statistical analysis that used two way Anova showed that there was no significantly difference in shade of nanofiller composite resin irradiated with different curing times that soaked in tea solution (p&gt;0,05) and there were significantly differences among irradiation in 20 seconds soaked in tea and saliva with irradiation group of 30 and 40 seconds (p&lt;0.05).</em></p> Hindrya Firsta Ananda Rima Semiarty Deli Mona ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-03-18 2015-03-18 3 1 34 42 HUBUNGAN UMUR KEHAMILAN DENGAN STATUS KESEHATAN GINGIVA PADA IBU HAMIL DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS ANDALAS KECAMATAN PADANG TIMUR <p><em>G</em><em>ingi</em><em>v</em><em>i</em><em>tis is an inflammation of the soft tissues inoral cavity that invade the free gingival. There are two kinds of etiologies that can cause gingivitis, they are plaque and non-plaque. Pregnant women will have some maternal physiological changes during pregnancy, one of them is the increasing of estrogen and progesterone. It will cause the gingival tissue to react to irritant such as plaque excessively. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between gestational age and gingival index in pregnant women. This analytic correlation research used cross sectional approach. The gestational age were observed from Mom’s and Kid’s Health Book. The Gingival Index was observed by using Loe and Silness index to each pregnant woman’s oral cavity. Data was analysed by using Chi –square. The study took place in </em><em>A</em><em>nda</em><em>l</em><em>a</em><em>s Public Health Center, from 16th&nbsp; February 2-15 until 26th&nbsp; February 2015. Most of the pregnant women had mild gingivitis, no pregnant women were found with healthy gingiva or severe gingivitis. The result showed that there was no significantly relationship between gestational age and gingival index in pregnant women (p&gt;0,005).</em></p> Kinanti Fauzin Hafni Bachtiar Susi Susi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-03-18 2015-03-18 3 1 43 49 PERBANDINGAN DRAINING METHOD DENGAN SPITTING METHOD TERHADAP VOLUME SALIVA MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN GIGI UNIVERSITAS ANDALAS ANGKATAN 2011 DENGAN STIMULASI AROMA MAKANAN <p><em>Saliva has been used in diagnostic procedures. Draining method and spitting method are a saliva collection method that is often used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes based saliva. The purpose of this research is to determine comparison of draining method and spitting method to saliva volume students of Dentistry Faculty Andalas University class of 2011 with aroma of food stimulation. This observational research with cross sectional study approach has been held to 17 students of Dentistry Faculty in Andalas University class of 2011 that ages are 20-21 years old that is matched with the inclusion criteria. The volume of saliva collected is expressed in unit of ml. Univariate data analysis is carried out to describe each variables, to see normal distribution (p &gt; 0,05) Shapiro Wilk normality test is performed. After distribution is proven to be normal, dependent T-test is performed to determine the mean differences between the draining method and the spitting method. Based on dependent T-test, average saliva volume students of Dentistry Faculty in Andalas University class of 2011 with the draining method is&nbsp; x ± SD = 2,5 ± 1,11 ml and the volume of saliva by spitting method is x ± SD = 3,72 ± 1,84 ml and p value &lt; 0,05. Based on the research finding, it can be concluded that there are significant differences in the average saliva volume in the spitting method is higher than the draining method.</em></p> Friska Meininda Putri Nila Kasuma Mery Ramadani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-03-18 2015-03-18 3 1 50 57