Andalas Dental Journal <p><img src="/public/site/images/redaksi/Cover_Jurnal_2_001_-_Copy.png"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Andalas en-US Andalas Dental Journal 2338-4891 <p>Authors who publish with<strong>&nbsp;Andalas Dental Journal&nbsp;</strong>agree to the following terms<strong>:</strong></p> <ul> <ul> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>&nbsp;(CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> </ul> </ul> <ul> <ul> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> </ul> </ul> <ul> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ul> Perbandingan Efektivitas Mengunyah Buah Apel (Malus Sylvestris Mill) dan Buah Semangka (Citrullus Lanatus) Sebagai Self-cleansing Terhadap Perubahan Indeks Debris Pada Siswa Kelas VII SMPN 30 Kota Padang <p><em>Debris is a leftover of food that found on the surface of an individual's teeth. Uncontrolled debris can cause dental caries. Eating fruits that contain fiber and water can reduce debris in the oral cavity, because it can increase salivary secretion during mastication. So that it can help the self-cleansing effect in the mouth. <strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of this research was to find out the differences in the effectiveness of chewing apple (Malus sylvestris mill) with watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) as a self-cleansing in decreasing debris index in grade VII students of SMP 30 Kota Padang. <strong>Methods:</strong></em> <em>This research used quasi-experimental design with pre and post-test design techniques that used purposive sampling with a 37 samples of people and consisted of two treatment groups. Self-administered questionnaire used to collect the information from respondent. Then, the data was analyzed by computerized analysts. </em><strong><em>Result</em></strong><strong><em>s</em></strong><strong><em>: </em></strong><em>The average debris index before and after chewing apples has decreased by 1.170 with a standard deviation of 0.302. Then, the average debris index before and after chewing the watermelon decreased by 0.612 with a standard deviation of 0.17, according to the Wilcoxon test showed the p value of is 0,000 (p &lt;0.05). </em><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong> <em>There are significant differences from the results of the debris index before and after consuming apples and watermelons in the two treatment groups. In the Mann Whitney test showed a value of p = 0,000 (p &lt;0.05)</em></p> <p><em><strong>&nbsp;</strong></em></p> Nadhila Hartari Lendrawati Lendrawati Bambang Ristiono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 2 60 66 10.25077/andalas dent. j..v9i2.175 Pengaruh Perendaman Gigi Dengan Teh Hijau (Camellia Sinensis) Terhadap Kekerasan Gigi Setelah Direndam Dengan Minuman Bersoda <p><em>Tooth erosion is the loss of important dental structure minerals due to continuous acid exposure, due to the low pH and high calories found in soft drinks. Loss of mineral elements in tooth enamel reversible or can still return to normal through the process of remineralization. Adding fluorine, calcium, phosphorus from green tea can increase resistance from remineralization of email toward acids, in other words it can inhibit acid formation by binding to enamel minerals and forming fluorapatite compounds. Objective: To determine the increase of tooth hardness enamel after being soaked with green tea (Camellia Sinensis) toward the teeth soaked with soft drinks using the Vicker Hardness Tester. Research method: This study is a true experimental study with a pre-test and post-test with control group design. The samples of this study were upper premolar teeth adjusted for inclusion criteria. 10 samples were immersed in carbonated drinks for 25 hours, then the samples were divided into two groups, 5 samples were immersed in green tea and the other 5 samples were soaked in artificial saliva for 25 hours. Measurement of tooth hardness using the Vicker Hardness Tester. Results: The data was analysed using paired t-test. Tooth hardness decreased after being soaked with the carbonated drinks (mean = 42.80 with DS = 6.98), then increased after being soaked with green tea (mean = 95.39 with DS = 10.86), p &lt;0.001 also increased in the saliva group (mean = 76.29 with DS = 11.33). Conclusion: There is the effect of immersion with green tea (Camellia sinensis) on the hardness of the enamel surface of the teeth after soaking with soft drinks.</em></p> Dina Kharina Ramadhani Hidayati Hidayati Didin Kustantiningtyastuti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 2 67 71 10.25077/andalas dent. j..v9i2.176 Perbandingan tingkat kepuasan pasien Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) di Puskesmas Andalas dan Klinik Simpang Anduring kota Padang <p><em>JKN is a program implemented through Indonesian government policy to ensure the health. One of the targets in the development of JKN is patient satisfaction. In JKN system, there are high rise of health service. The primary health service starts from FKTP. Puskesmas Andalas and Simpang Anduring Clinic is a FKTP who collaborated with BPJS Kesehatan. In a structure service of JKN, consist of three services. There is primary service, secondary service and tertiary service. Oral health service included primary service. The purpose of this research to know the description of satisfaction JKN patient of service dental care in Puskesmas Andalas and Simpang Anduring Clinic, Padang. The size of the sample is 210 respondents using a consecutive sampling technique. The Result of this research showed reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy and tangibles in Puskesmas Andalas and Simpang Anduring Clinic still not good seen form 5 dimensions of quality service. The conclusion is seen from 5 dimensions of quality service, Puskesmas Andalas and Simpang Anduring Clinic still not got enough in providing services. Viewed by comparison betweetn Puskesmas Andalas and Simpang Anduring Clinic, satisfied of JKN patients in Puskesmas Andalas is higher than Simpang Anduring Clinic.</em></p> Muthia Larasati Rima Semiarty Febrian Febrian ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 2 72 78 10.25077/andalas dent. j..v9i2.182 Gambaran Kista Dentigerous Gigi Premolar Rahang Atas pada Radiograf CBCT : Laporan Kasus <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> Dentigerous cyst is a cyst that forms around the crown of an unerupted tooth. It begins when fluid accumulates in the layers of reduced enamel epithelium or between the epithelium and the crown of the unerupted tooth. Dentigerous cysts attach to the cementoenamel junction. Some dentigerous cysts are eccentric, developing from the lateral aspect of the follicle so that they occupy an area beside the crown instead of above the crown. In the case of dentigerous cysts with supernumerary, lesions appear to develop in the lateral aspect, so proper imaging is needed to see the expansion of the lesion. A modality that can be used to see the location and expansion of dentigerous cysts is by using a CBCT radiograph. <strong>Objective:</strong> Identification and interpretation of dentigerous cysts with supernumerary using CBCT radiography. <strong>Case Report:</strong> 12-year-old male came to the RSGM FKG Unpad bring a referral letter for CBCT photos. From the history it is known that the patient has a complaint of teeth that have not grown with swelling in the right maxilla. <strong>Case Management: </strong>Using CBCT, there were supernumerary and dentigerous cysts at 14,13. Sagittal, coronal and axial CBCT features show the position and condition of supernumerary, and give information about the location and expansion of dentigerous cyst at 14,13. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> CBCT provides a description of dentigerous cysts about location, lesion expansion, and involvement with surrounding tissue. CBCT provides an overview of lesions in sagittal, coronal and axial</em></p> Gunawan Gunawan Ivony Fitria ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 2 79 84 10.25077/andalas dent. j..v9i2.179 Penatalaksanaan Perawatan Saluran Akar pada Gigi dengan Lesi Abfraksi : Laporan Kasus <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Pulp and periapical disease may also result from the presence of a cervical cavity reaching the pulp chamber as an abfraction lesion. Abfraction causes the dentinal tubules to be exposed so that it becomes a pathway for microorganisms to enter the pulp. Root canal treatment in cases with abfraction lesions requires special management, so that contamination does not occur during treatment due to the exposed cervical part.</em> <strong><em>Objective: </em></strong><em>Discusses the management of root canal treatment in teeth with abfractional lesions that penetrate the pulp chamber.</em> <strong><em>Case Management: </em></strong><em>A 53-year-old male patient came RSGM Unand because he wanted to be treated for a cavity in his right lower posterior tooth and had a sudden throbbing pain. Based on the results of subjective, objective and preoperative radiographs, tooth 45 was diagnosed with pulp necrosis with chronic apical abscess. Pulp and periapical disease of tooth 45 was probably caused by the entry of microorganisms through the abfraction lesion that reached the pulp chamber. Temporary coronal seal of the abfraction cavity and access occlusal cavity is necessary to prevent the entry of microorganisms during root canal treatment procedures. </em><em>The final restoration is a direct composite resin using a fiber-reinforced composite (FRC).</em> <strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>The management of root canal treatment in this case of abfraction lesion showed success as indicated by the absence of subjective complaints, objective examination showed negative results, and periapical lesions showed healing seen on periapical radiographs.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Reni Nofika Annisa Fajriatul Arafah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 2 85 92 10.25077/andalas dent. j..v9i2.163 Potensi Aerosol pada Praktik Kedokteran Gigi sebagai Media Penularan Penyakit COVID-19 <p><em>Covid-19 is an infectious disease that attacks the human respiratory system that can cause respiratory infections, ranging from the common cold to serious illnesses, this disease is caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus. The process of Covid-19 transmission can occur through direct contact, droplets that are spread through coughs or sneezes from infected people and aerosols in dental care procedures. Aerosols can be generated from dental procedures such as, the use of high-powered tools requiring air pressure and water spray. The purpose of writing is to describe the potential of aerosols in dental practice as a medium for transmission of Covid-19. Aerosols in dental care procedures have the potential to pose a risk in transmitting Covid-19. This is because aerosols are found in the Covid-19 virus which can contaminate surfaces, dental equipment, and the air around the treatment environment which can endanger dentists, staff, and patients.</em></p> Arfi Azkia Firdian Hidayati Hidayati Ivony Fitria ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 2 93 99 10.25077/andalas dent. j..v9i2.161 Tempe Kedelai (Rhizopus oligosporus) sebagai Alternatif Anti Inflamasi <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Inflammation is a protective mechanism of the immune system due to tissue damage caused by infectious and non infectious </em><em>agents</em><em>. The most widely used synthetic drugs in treating the inflammation is NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs) but long-term use of NSAIDs can cause undesirable side effects. Tempeh (R. oligosporus) is one of the processed soy products that is made through the fermentation process by Rhizopus sp. Tempeh has many benefits for health, one of which is anti-inflammatory. According to some research results, tempeh is recognized as having an anti-inflammatory role. The mechanism of tempeh as an anti-inflammatory, namely by maintain a balance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants in the body, increasing the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10), suppressing the activation of NF-kB. This process can suppress the expression of iNOS and COX-2 and inhibit several inflammatory mediators, such as TNF-α, IL-1β and NO. <strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of this study was to investigate anti-inflammatory activity of soybean tempeh (R.oligosporus) and find out the potential of active compounds in soybean tempeh that play role as anti-inflammatory. <strong>Method: </strong>The study was conducted by collecting and examining of various literatures on potential of soybean tempeh (R.oligosporus) in </em><em>suppressing</em><em> inflammatory response. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>The active </em><em>compounds</em><em> found in soybean tempeh (R. oligosporus) is able to suppress the inflammatory response.</em></p> Athiyya Husna Emriadi Emriadi Bambang Ristiono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 2 100 117 10.25077/andalas dent. j..v9i2.183