Andalas Dental Journal <p><img src="/public/site/images/redaksi/Cover_Jurnal_2_001_-_Copy.png"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US (Dr. drg. Febrian, MKM) (Fauzan Yusro, A.Md) Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 OJS 60 The Role of Panoramic Radiographs in Determining The Preprosthetic Treatment During Denture Fabrication - A Case Report <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>The success of a removable denture can be determined by the good support of the mucosa and alveolar bone that underlies a denture. Visually and tactilely in the oral examination could not provide adequate information about the condition of the tissue under the submucosa. A panoramic radiograph can show anatomical considerations that influence the fabrication of a removable denture. Therefore, a panoramic radiograph of the patient can help reveal anomalous or pathological conditions in the patient's oral cavity. <strong>Purpose: </strong>To describe the importances of panoramic radiograph </em><em>to identify lesions that are not clinically visible in the oral. </em><strong><em>Case:</em></strong> <em>This article reports a patient with complaints of discomfort in the previous denture. On clinical examination found a prominance on the lower jaw in the left side of the mandible and it was pain on palpation.&nbsp;The patient was referred to radiology for a panoramic radiograph. From this panoramic radiograph, a suspected complex odontoma was found in the lower left posterior region. The patient was immediately referred to the Oral Surgery department for surgery. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Panoramic radiographs play an important role in helping to establish a diagnosis of tissue that is not visible during clinical examination. This case demonstrates that with the aid of radiology, a preprosthetic treatment plan can be established to prepare the supporting tissue for removable dentures.</em></p> Ivony Fitria, Gunawan Gunawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Faktor Motivasi Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Andalas Berkarir Sebagai Dokter Gigi (Studi Deskriptif) <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The motivation for selecting a dentist career is the complex consideration. Knowing and understanding dental students' motivation is important for institutions to manage learning systems to create dentists that can fulfill the needs of the community. <strong>Purpose:</strong> to describe the motives and perceptions of undergraduate and postgraduate dental students attending Faculty of Dentistry, Andalas University. This study was conducted to 120 academic and clinical students in this institution. The students were instructed to fill a questionnaire consisting of 25 questions. Eight questions were scored from 1 to 2 , 1 question was a multiple choice question and the rest were scored from 1 to 4. The data were tabulated by Microsoft Excel, factor analysis was tested by SPSS software. <strong>Results: </strong>Fifty three percent of students chose dentistry in the first place. The most common factors choosing dentistry are&nbsp; internal or external motivation, profession, and remuneration. Dental students showed a strong tendency to pursue higher study and managing private dental clinics.<strong> Conclusion:&nbsp; </strong>humanity, flexibility, and financial status&nbsp; were found to be important motivating factors. Hence, it may be a good idea to establish educational programs in the faculty to educate students based on their career choices.</em></p> Fildzah Nurul Fajrin, Rahmatul Aini, Reno Wiska Wulandari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Gambaran Pencabutan Gigi di Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut (RSGM) Universitas Andalas Pasca Pandemi Covid-19 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> Tooth extraction in dentistry is an act of removing the tooth from the socket hole in the alveolar bone, where there is no more treatment that can be done to maintain the tooth. Tooth extraction is one of the recruitment cases to complete dental studies at the Faculty of Dentistry, Andalas University. <strong>Purpose:</strong>&nbsp; to examine the prevalence of tooth extraction and its distribution based on gender, age, and causal factors after the COVID-19 pandemic at the Dental and Oral Hospital (RSGM) Faculty of Dentistry, Andalas University. <strong>Method:</strong> This type of research is descriptive research with a retrospective design. The sampling technique used is purposive sampling and the number of samples obtained is 649 samples. <strong>Results: </strong>The prevalence of tooth extraction was 16.3%. Based on gender, 366 cases (56.4%) of women had their teeth extracted, which was higher than 283 cases of men (43.6%). Most tooth extractions were recorded in the age group 1-10 as many as 253 cases (39%). The most common causal factor of tooth extraction was retained dental root in 195 cases (30%) <strong>Conclusion:</strong> .The prevalence of tooth extraction in the RSGM, Universitas Andalas still high, so an adequate education and prevention of tooth extraction was highly recommended to the society.</em></p> Surma Adnan, Tiara Adzakiyah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Hubungan Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) dengan Status Gizi Anak Usia 36-71 Bulan di Paud Kota Bukittinggi <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Children with severe early childhood caries (s-ecc) will experience pain and difficulty chewing. S-ecc causes a deficiency in dietary intake and may become malnourished. <strong>Purpose: </strong>this study was aimed to know the relationship between severe early childhood caries (s-ecc) with nutritional status of chilldren at the age of 36-71 months in PAUD of Puskesmas Mandiangin, Mandiangin Koto Selayan district, Bukittinggi City. <strong>Method:</strong> obsevational analytics with cross sectional approach. The sample size was 56 children aged 36-71 months with def-t criteria ≥ 4 and selected by consecutive sampling method. S-ECC was measured using pufa index and nutritional status was measured using IMT / U. <strong>Results:</strong> the overall mean def-t children with s-ecc 7.77%. Children with positive pufa were 66.1% and those with 48.2% malnutrition status. As many as 62.2% of children with (s-ecc) positive pufa have malnutrition status. The result of statistical test using Chi-Square obtained p value = 0,008</em><em>. </em><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em> There is a significant relationship between severe early childhood caries (s-ecc) with nutritional status and children with positive pufa are more at risk of malnutrition status.</em></p> Sherly Elsya Noviani, Arymbi Pujiastuty, Denas Symod ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Pasta Gigi Lidah Buaya (Aloe vera) sebagai Alternatif Herbal Untuk Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> Dental and oral health have an important role on overall body health, because it can affect someone's physical and psychological condition. The common tooth and mouth disease is periodontal disease. The main cause of periodontal disease is due to the presence of colonizing microorganisms in dental plaque. Gingivitis is a periodontal disease that is commonly found in the community. <strong>Review:</strong> Aloe vera as an herbal plant has many benefits because of its properties, such as; antiseptic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, and wound healing. <strong>Purpose: </strong>The purpose of this literature review is to identify the potential use of Aloe vera toothpaste as an herbal alternative for oral health. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Toothpaste containing Aloe vera has been shown to inhibit plaque formation, due to its saponin compound. Aloe vera toothpaste can also significantly reduce the gingival index. </em></p> Sarah Nabila Wiguna, Murniwati Murniwati, Kosno Suprianto ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Efektivitas Pemakaian Sikat Gigi Timer Dua Menit Terhadap Penurunan Skor Plak Gigi pada Anak Usia 7-8 Tahun <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The global prevalence of dental caries is still high and reach 60 to 90% of school children. Dental caries is caused by d</em><em>ental plaque that can </em><em>be </em><em>prevent</em><em>ed by </em><em>brushing teeth. </em><em>ADA recommended two minutes as</em><em> duration </em><em>of</em><em> brushing teeth, but many </em><em>Indonesian </em><em>children haven’t reached th</em><em>at</em><em> standard. <strong>Purpose:</strong> Knowing the effectiveness of </em><em>two</em><em> minute</em><em>s</em><em> toothbrush timer </em><em>and</em><em> conventional toothbrush to</em> <em>the</em><em> plaque accumulation. <strong>Method</strong></em><strong><em>s</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong><em> This</em><em> was an</em><em> experiment</em><em>al</em> <em>study</em> <em>using</em><em> pre </em><em>and </em><em>post-test group control with single blind </em><em>design</em><em>. </em><em>Amount</em><em> of 40 students age</em><em>d</em><em> 7-8</em><em> years</em><em> divided </em><em>to two group (</em><em>control and intervention</em><em>)</em><em> using simple random sampling</em><em> technique.</em> <em>The respondens was instructed to brushing </em><em>teeth </em><em>(</em><em>Bass method</em><em>) for two minutes, then the p</em><em>laque index</em><em> was</em><em> measure</em><em>d by</em><em> Löe &amp; Silness</em> <em>method. <strong>Results</strong>: Independent </em><em>t</em><em>-test results showed </em><em>the </em><em>significant differences</em><em> (mean of</em><em> plaque index</em> <em>reduction was higher in toothbrush</em> <em>timer group compared to conventional toothbrush group</em><em>). However,</em><em> there was no significant difference</em> <em>at the</em><em> last </em><em>visit. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Using </em><em>two </em><em>minutes toothbrush timer is not effective to reduce plaque accumulation. With the increasing of children’s ability in brushing teeth, making the use of timer toothbrush or without timer is useful in reducing plaque.</em></p> Lisa Prihastari, Asmara Saffikri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Hubungan Mutu Pelayanan dengan Kepuasan Pasien Poli Gigi Puskesmas di Kecamatan Guguk Panjang, Kota Bukittinggi <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Patient's perspective is one of the indicator that affect the h</em><em>ealth care </em><em>quality. Best service of health provider is also important parameter to achieving the patient's satisfaction. <strong>Pu</strong></em><strong><em>rpose</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong><em> to determine the relationship of the dimension</em><em>al</em> <em>service </em><em>quality </em><em>to</em><em> dental patient satisfaction in</em><em> Puskesmas </em><em>Guguk Panjang, Bukittinggi.</em><strong><em> Method</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong> <em>T</em><em>his </em><em>was</em> <em>a </em><em>cross sectional </em><em>study, participating</em><em> of 106 respondent</em><em>s arround 25-65 years old</em><em>. </em><em>The patient who ever comes to the puskesmas Guguk Panjang were included to this study. </em><em>The data were analyzed by Chi-Square test on a p-value of 0.05.</em> <strong><em>Results</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong> <em>The </em><em>most of respondents state the quality service of oral health care in </em><em>Puskesmas</em><em> Guguk Panjang Bukittinggi are good (80,2%).</em> <em>Statistically, there is significant relationship between quality service</em><em> (</em><em>tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy</em><em>)</em> <em>to</em><em> patient satisfaction. </em><em>Thec c</em><em>artesian diagram showed that there’s still some </em><em>dimension </em><em>haven’t meet </em><em>the </em><em>patients satisfaction and need to be fixed which consists of building and dental section’s appearance and sanitation, also </em><em>lack </em><em>of dental equipments.</em> <em>This research concluded that there is significant relationship between quality service </em><em>to</em> <em>the </em><em>dental patient satisfaction. Atributes in Quadrant I need to be evaluated and repaired</em><em>.</em></p> Rezza Marietha Zulmi, Denas Symond, Susi Susi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400