PENGARUH PENGUNYAHAN PERMEN KARET YANG MENGANDUNG XYLITOL TERHADAP PENURUNAN INDEKS PLAK PADA PEROKOK

Main Article Content

Popy Sandra
Yustini Allioes
Susi Susi

Abstract

Dental plaque plays main important role in cause of caries and periodontal disease. The one of control is to chewing gum containing xylitol. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of chewing gum containing xylitol in reducing  the  plaque  index  scores  in  smoker. The  method  of  this  study  was  quasi experiment  with pretest-posttest design involved smoker  sample  total  35  people.  Examination  plaque  index  score  was  conducted  over  2  days  using PHP-M  plaque  index.  Data  analysis  is  conducted  using  Paired  t-test.  Average  plaque  index  prior  to  chewing  gum containing  xylitol is  37,9714±8,62106  and  average  plaque  index  after  to  chewing  gum  containing  xylitol is15,2000±4,96340. After chewing, it shows that mean percentage plaque index prior and after is 22,77143±9,49330 with p<0,05. So, chewing gum containing xylitol are equally effective reducing the plaque index scores in smoker.


Keywords : Chewing gum containing xylitol, plaque index, smoker.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sandra, P., Allioes, Y., & Susi, S. (2015). PENGARUH PENGUNYAHAN PERMEN KARET YANG MENGANDUNG XYLITOL TERHADAP PENURUNAN INDEKS PLAK PADA PEROKOK. Andalas Dental Journal, 3(2), 102-111. https://doi.org/10.25077/adj.v3i2.56
Section
Articles

References

1. Daliemunthe, S.H. 2008. Periodonsia. Edisi Revisi. Departemen Periodonsia FKG USU, Medan
2. Samaranayake L. 2006. Essential Microbiology for Dentistry. Churchill Livingstone :Elsevier Limited. p. 255 – 284
3. Putri M.H, dkk. 2011. Ilmu Pencegahan Penyakit Jaringan Keras Dan Jaringan Pendukung Gigi. EGC, Jakarta
4. Eley BM, Soory M, Mandson JD. 2010. Periodontics .6th edition.Saunder, London
5. Departemen Kesehatan RI. 2014. RisetKesehatan Dasar Nasional
6. Ditjen Bina Upaya Kesehatan RI. 2012. Profil Data Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2011. Kementrian Kesehatan RI: 78-154
7. Felton A & Alison C. 2009.Basic Guide to 0ral Health Education and Promotion.KHL Printing, Malaysia
8. Putti D. 2008. Pengaruh Konsumsi Permen Karet yang mengandung Xylitol terhadap Pembentukkan Plak Gigi. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang. Website: http://www.eprints.undip.ac.id/24284/1/Putti.pdf
9. Thaweboon S, et al. 2008. The Effec of Xylitol Gum on Mutans Streptococci in Saliva and Dental Plaque. Website : http://www.tm.mahidol.ac.th/seameo/2004/35_4/4 3-3307.pdf04/12/2008
10. Sroda R. 2005. Nutrition for a Healhty Mouth. Medik Book Store. United States America
11. Wilson M. 2009. Food Constituents and Oral Health. CRC Pres LLC, USA
12. Holgeston, P.L. 2007. Xylitol and it’s Effect on Oral Ecology. Departement of odontology. Paediatric. Dentistry Fakulty of Medicine. Umea. Hal.16-20.
13. http://ash.org.uk/files/documents/ASH_598.pdfbiology-research-and-systemic-conditions/use-ofpolyols-in-oral-biology-research
14. Rodian M, dkk. 2011. Effect of Chewing Gum Containing Sucrose, Xylitol and Probiotic to Saliva Characteristic. Dentika dental journal, 16
15. Burt B.A. 2006. The Use of Xylitol and Sorbitol Sweetened Chewing Gum in Caries Control. J Am Dent Assoc. 137,190
16. Natamiharja L.G. 2004. Indeks Periodontal dan Hubungannya Dengan Kebiasaan Merokok Pada Pegawai Dinas Pertanian Tingkat I Sumatera Utara. Dentika Dental Jurnal, 9
17. Pejcic O, dkk. 2007. Smoking And Periodontal Disease. A review. Medicine and Biology, 14
18. Hidayani, T.A & Handajani. 2010. Effects of Smoking on the Salivary pH and Volume in Adults and Elderly Males. Dentika Dental journal, 15
19. Flaherty, Julie. 2010. Is Once Enough. Tufts Journal. News and Information from Tufts University
20. Soesilo, Diana ; Santoso, Rinna Elyaawati ; Diyatri, Indeswati.2005. Peranan dalam mempertahankan Ph Saliva pada Proses Pencegahan karies. Majalah Kedokteran Gigi vol 38 no 1, FKG Airlangga hal.25-28
21. Yuliarsi Y.L,S. 2003. Efek Permen Karet yang Mengandung Xylitol dan Sorbitol Terhadap Plak Gigi dan Ginggivitis. JITEKGI FKGUPDM
22. Makinen, K.K. 2008. Properties of Xylitol. Hstory, Safety,and Dental
23. Ni Nyoman, G.S. 2011. Permen Karet Xylitol yang Dikunyah Selama 5 Menit Meningkatkan danMempertahankan Ph Saliva Selama 3 Jam. Tesis. Univ. Udayana, Denpasar