Potensi Aerosol pada Praktik Kedokteran Gigi sebagai Media Penularan Penyakit COVID-19
Covid-19 is an infectious disease that attacks the human respiratory system that can cause respiratory infections, ranging from the common cold to serious illnesses, this disease is caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus. The process of Covid-19 transmission can occur through direct contact, droplets that are spread through coughs or sneezes from infected people and aerosols in dental care procedures. Aerosols can be generated from dental procedures such as, the use of high-powered tools requiring air pressure and water spray. The purpose of writing is to describe the potential of aerosols in dental practice as a medium for transmission of Covid-19. Aerosols in dental care procedures have the potential to pose a risk in transmitting Covid-19. This is because aerosols are found in the Covid-19 virus which can contaminate surfaces, dental equipment, and the air around the treatment environment which can endanger dentists, staff, and patients.
Banerjee A, Alsan M. Messages on Covid-19 Prevention in India Increased Symptoms. Nat Bureau of Ecom Research. 2020. https://www.nber.org/papers/w27496. (Diunduh 20 Maret 2021)
Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE, Woodland L, Wessely S, Greenberg N, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet [Internet]. 2020;395(10227):912–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8
Zhang J, Litvinova M, Liang Y, Wang Y, Wang W, Zhao S, et al. Changes in contact patterns shape the dynamics of the COVID-19 outbreak in China. Science. 2020;368(6498):1481–6.
Rothan HA, Byrareddy SN. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. J Autoimmun. 2020;109 (2) : 102433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaut.2020.102433.
Audi A, AlIbrahim M, Kaddoura M, Hijazi G, Yassine HM, Zaraket H. Seasonality of Respiratory Viral Infections: Will COVID-19 Front Public Heal. 2020;8.
Swaminathan Y, Thomas JT. “Aerosol”-A Prospective Contaminant of Dental Environment. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences.2013;11(2), 45-50.
Kaur R, Singh I, Singh G, Mahajan A. Aerosols A Menace for The Dental Healthcares. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences.2013;28 (28): 612-617.
Adhi IS. Menkes Dorong Pemanfaatan Teknologi Untuk Layanan Dokter Gigi Saat Pandemi Covid 19. https://health.kompas.com/read/2021/02/09/200800368. Diunduh 20 Maret 2021.
Veena HR, Mahantesha S, Joseph PA, Patil SR, Patil SH. Dissemination of aerosol and splatter during ultrasonic scaling: A pilot study. J Infect Public Health [Internet]. 2015;8(3):260–5. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2014.11.004
Chuang CY, Cheng HC, Yang S, Fang W, Hung PC, Chuang SY. Investigation of the spreading characteristics of bacterial aerosol contamination during dental scaling treatment. J Dent Sci [Internet]. 2014;9(3):294–6. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jds.2014.06.002
Lubis MNP, Rahman FUA. Adaptasi era kenormalan baru di bidang radiologi kedokteran gigi: apa yang perlu kita ketahui. J Radiol Dentomaksilofasial Indones. 2020;4(2):55.
Freeman J. Risk of aerosol contamination around the dental chair. 2013;9(1):9–11.
Patricia Manarte Monteiro, Alexandrine Carvalho, Cristina Pina, Helder Oliveira MCM. Air quality assessment during dental practice : Aerosols bacterial counts in an universitary clinic. 2012;4(1):2–7.
Zemouri C, De Soet H, Crielaard W, Laheij A. A scoping review on bio-Aerosols in healthcare & the dental environment. PLoS One. 2017;12(5):1–25.
Li X, Geng M, Peng Y, Meng L, Lu S. Molecular immune pathogenesis and diagnosis of COVID-19. J Pharm Anal [Internet]. 2020;10(2):102–8. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpha.2020.03.001
Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(8):727–33.
10. Peng X, Xu X, Li Y, Cheng L, Zhou X, Ren B. Transmission routes of 2019-nCoV and controls in dental practice. Int J Oral Sci [Internet]. 2020;12(1):1–6. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41368-020-0075-9
Meng L, Hua F, Bian Z. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Emerging and Future Challenges for Dental and Oral Medicine. J Dent Res. 2020;99(5):481–7.
Peng X, Xu X, Li Y, Cheng L, Zhou X, Ren B. Transmission routes of 2019-nCoV and controls in dental practice. Int J Oral Sci. 2020;12(1):1–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41368-020-0075-9.
To KK, Tak O, Tsang Y, Leung W, Tam AR, Wu T, et al. Temporal profiles of viral load in posterior oropharyngeal saliva samples and serum antibody responses during infection by SARS-CoV-2 : an observational cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 ;20(5):565–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30196-1
Azzi L, Carcano G, Gianfagna F, Grossi P, Gasperina DD, Genoni A, et al. SALIVA IS A RELIABLE TOOL TO DETECT SARS-CoV-2. J Infect. 2020; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2020.04.005
Han MS, Seong M-W, Heo EY, Park JH, Kim N, Shin S, et al. Sequential analysis of viral load in a neonate and her mother infected with SARS-CoV-2. 2020;1–13.
Bryant C, Wilks SA, Keevil CW. Rapid inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 on copper touch surfaces determined using a cell. J Chem Inf Model. 2021;53(9):1689–99.
Ong SWX, Tan YK, Chia PY, Lee TH, Ng OT, Wong MSY, et al. Air, Surface Environmental, and Personal Protective Equipment Contamination by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) from a Symptomatic Patient. JAMA - J Am Med Assoc. 2020;323(16):1610–2.
Nulty A, Lefkaditis C, Zachrisson P, Van Tonder Q, Yar R. A clinical study measuring dental aerosols with and without a high-volume extraction device. Br Dent J. 2020;1–8.
Copyright (c) 2021 Arfi Azkia Firdian, Hidayati Hidayati, Ivony Fitria
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Andalas Dental Journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).